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📚 Node [[anarchism]]
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Anarchy literally means 'without rulers'. Anarchism I think of as a political philosophy meaning 'avoiding all unnecessary hierarchy'.
anarchism represents a theorisation of how society can be structured to enable liberty and solidarity, a society based on the principle of mutual aid, where the needs of all are met through cooperation and the sharing of resources.
Real political change comes from below and from many points, not from above and from a center. "The anarchist alternative is that of fragmentation, fission rather than fusion, diversity rather than unity, a mass of societies rather than a mass society."
It is also not a form of amoralism. By refusing to submit to an ideal of “the good,” anarchism does not reject morality.
Nonetheless, anarchism has always been centrally concerned with self-organisation, with how groups of people can collectively govern themselves and make decisions about how they want to exist as a community.
Anarchism emerged in the 19th century.
Anarchism is often dismissed in the same terms as post-structuralism for being an ethical relativism or a voluntarist chaos.